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2018年04月20日 22:22:30    日报  参与评论()人

宝山区治疗外痔多少钱上海第九人民医院肛肠专科The costs imposed by the financial crises that hit western economies in 2007 have been enormous. UK gross domestic product is nearly a fifth smaller than if long-term pre-crisis growth trends had continued. The costs also include huge rises in public debt. In the UK the increase, as a direct and indirect result of the crisis, will be close to 50 per cent of GDP.2007年重创西方经济的金融危机造成的代价是巨大的。目前英国国内生产总值(GDP)相比危机前的长期增长趋势线少了近五分之一。代价还包括公共债务的大幅攀升。在英国,危机直接和间接造成的公共债务增加相当于GDP的近一半。This is the fourth most costly fiscal event of the past 225 years, after the wars with post-revolutionary France and the first and second world wars. Mismanaged finance imposes fiscal costs that are not far short of world wars.这是过去225年来代价第四高昂的财政事件,仅次于法国大革命后的英法战争、一战和二战。金融管理不善造成的财政代价,并不比世界大战带来的损失少很多。This is the background against which to judge predictable complaints that the post-crisis regulatory regime is too onerous and will prevent banks supporting the economy as well as they did when creating the crisis. In the UK particularly strong complaints are directed at the plan to ringfence retail banking from other activities. They often come from people connected to banking. But they would complain, wouldn’t they?这就是评判一些可预见的抱怨的背景,这些抱怨称,后危机时代的监管制度负担过重,将阻止像危机之前那样出色地持经济。在英国,抱怨尤其强烈的是针对将零售业“圈护”(ringfence)起来、与其他活动隔离的计划。这些抱怨往往来自与业相关的人士。但这些人当然会抱怨,难道不是吗?Ringfencing retail banking was one of the proposals of the Independent Commission on Banking, established by the UK government in 2010 (I was a member). The commission’s terms of reference required it to make UK banks safer without undermining global competitiveness. The ICB’s package of proposals also included greater “loss absorbency” — more funding by equity and debt that is ily convertible into equity.对零售实施圈护是业独立委员会(Independent Commission on Banking,简称:ICB)提出的建议之一,该委员会由英国政府在2010年建立(我是其中的成员)。ICB的权限要求它在不影响英国全球竞争力的情况下使它们更安全。ICB的一揽子提案还包括更强的“亏损吸收能力”——更多股权筹资以及更多随时可转换为股权的债务。Martin Taylor, former Barclays chief executive, member of the ICB and now Bank of England Financial Policy Committee member, has powerfully elucidated the logic behind ringfencing. It had, he notes, three chief goals.巴克莱(Barclays)前首席执行官、ICB前成员、现在是英国央行(Bank of England)金融政策委员会成员的马丁#8226;泰勒(Martin Taylor),有力地阐明了实施圈护背后的逻辑。他指出,这样做有三个主要目标。First, it was designed to make resolution of a failing bank easier by allowing the authorities to pluck out the most critical parts of the business. Second, “As long as governments stood behind a bank’s domestic business#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;and as long as that domestic business was mixed in with the investment bank#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;then effectively the taxpayer had no choice but to stand behind the investment bank too.” The ringfence was designed to subvert this “irresponsible business model”.首先,它旨在通过允许当局挑出业务中最关键的部分,使破产的清盘更加容易。第二,“只要政府持一家的国内业务……只要该行的国内业务与投行业务混合在一起……那么纳税人实际上就别无选择,只能也持投行那一块。”圈护旨在颠覆这种“不负责任的业务模式”。Finally, removing the implicit subsidy would make banking as a whole safer. Given the consequences of pre-crisis risk-taking, that had to be desirable.最后,取消隐性补贴将使业整体更加安全。考虑到危机前冒险行为产生的后果,这一点必定是可取的。The ICB did not recommend full separation between retail and investment banking because it saw the advantages of diversified risks. But it was also aware that balance sheets of UK banks were five times GDP, far higher than in comparable countries. The UK had to limit its exposure. Critics make a number of objections. One is that there is no reason to suppose investment banking is riskier than retail banking. That is true. The ICB did not think otherwise. But retail banking is surely more indispensable.ICB并未建议将零售业和投行业完全分离,因为它看到了风险分散化的优势。但它也意识到,英国各的资产负债表总规模达到国内生产总值(GDP)的5倍,远高于其他可比国家。英国作为一个国家必须限制自己的敞口。批评者提出许多反对意见。其中之一是,没有理由假设投行业比零售业务风险更高。这话没错。ICB也这样认为。但零售业无疑是更加不可或缺的。Another gripe is that the ringfence makes British banks uncompetitive in global banking. But if other governments wish to subsidise investment banking, that is their choice; it is not an argument for the UK to do so, too.也有人抱怨称,圈护政策使英国的在全球业失去竞争力。但是,如果其他国家的政府希望补贴投行,那是他们的选择;这不是英国也要这样做的理由。Others say the ring#173;fence will force UK banks abroad. Reference is made to announcements that HS is reconsidering its UK domicile. HS might indeed wish to escape the costly (and hard to justify) levy on bank balance sheets introduced in 2011. But it cannot escape the ringfence by leaving since its UK retail bank must remain subject to UK law. Thus, the ringfence cannot be a justification for doing so.还有人说,圈护要求将迫使英国的迁往海外。他们提到汇丰(HS)宣布重新考虑总部选址。汇丰可能的确希望逃避2011年出台的针对资产负债表的高额(且很难明合理)征费。但它无法通过搬迁总部来逃避圈护,因为英国的零售仍必须遵守英国法律。因此,圈护不能成为这样做的理由。A more powerful argument is that the loss absorbency of banks is now such that the additional safety provided by ringfencing is redundant. One response is that the internationally agreed levels of loss absorbency is in line with the proposals of the ICB. The other is that banks remain highly leveraged. Last year the ratio of total assets to equity of UK banks was between 20 and 30 to one. It would take modest losses to wipe out these banks’ equity.更有力的论据是,如今的亏损吸收能力已经相当大,圈护所提供的额外安全度是冗余的。对此的回应之一是,国际间同意的亏损吸收能力水平与ICB的建议相符。另一个回应是,英国的仍保持着高杠杆率。去年,英国各总资产与股本的比率介于20至30比1之间。不需要发生太大的亏损,就会抹掉这些的股本。A further objection is that we are now able to resolve troubled banks easily by converting loss-absorbing debt into equity or even winding them up. Improvements have indeed been made. But the idea that these processes would work smoothly if a crisis again engulfed the system is unproven, if not optimistic. Ringfencing would at least give any future government more options.还有一个反对意见是,我们现在能够通过将吸收亏损的债务转化成股权,或者甚至对其清盘,很容易地清算陷入困境的。确实取得了一些进步。但是,那种认为如果危机再次席卷这一体系,这些过程将顺利运转的想法并未被实,如果还算不上过于乐观的话。圈护至少将给未来的政府更多选项。If anything is to be reconsidered it is not ringfencing but the UK’s bank levy, which is simply a heavy tax. I would have no objection to making the boundary of the ringfence more flexible for retail banks in return for higher equity capital. More broadly, if the capital of banks were greatly increased, the case for ringfencing would weaken. But that is not where we now are. So ignore the whingeing.如果有任何事需要被重新考虑的话,那不是圈护政策,而是英国的征费,它就是一项沉重的税种。我不反对让零售的圈护范围变得更加灵活,以换取更高的股权资本。更广义上说,如果的资本大大增加,圈护的理由将被削弱。但这不是我们现在面临的问题。所以,别在意这些抱怨。 /201507/383685虹口区治疗结肠炎哪家医院好排名哪里 CALLIGRAPHY has been a reveredart form in China for centuries. Children are taught to write with brushes;endless copying of characters is a rite of passage in their schooling. Writingis a feat of memory. Mastery requires learning thousands of unique characters.Despite these ordeals, literacy rates have increased from around 20% in 1949 toover 95% now. But computers, smartphones and tablets are posing a new obstacleto progress. Penmanship is on the decline. Reading skills may follow.数个世纪以来,书法在中国是一种受人敬畏的艺术形式。孩子们学用毛笔写字;不断地重复是孩子们在学校必须经历的。书写依靠非凡的。要学习数千个字才算掌握了书写。即使考验重重,中国的识字率已由1949年的约20%上升到现在的95%以上。但电脑、智能手机和平板电脑正给这种进步造成新障碍,因为提笔书写正呈下降趋势。而阅读技能可能也紧随其后。Pundits the world over blame a reliance oncomputers for shoddy handwriting and spelling. In China the problem is particularlyacute. The number of primary schoolchildren with severe ing difficulties isrising, according to a 2012 study in the Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences. The authors linked poor ing scores to increased use ofkeyboards.全世界的专家将糟糕的书写和拼写能力归咎于对电脑的依赖,而问题在中国尤为严峻。据《国家科学院学报》2012年发布的一份研究,有严重阅读困难的小学生数量正在增多,而作者们将可怜的阅读得分与越来越多地使用键盘联系在了一起。One reason is that learning to write is soarduous. Because Chinese uses ideograms, or characters, rather than analphabet, to represent each syllable, it takes six years of primary educationto master the 3,000 or so characters required to a newspaper.原因之一是,学习书写是艰巨的任务。因为中国使用文字而非字母来代表每个音节,这需要通过6年的小学教育掌握大约3000个字才能阅读一份报纸。The problem is aly evident. Agovernment body helped to launch a popular television spelling show that pitsmiddle-school students against each other to write difficult words; in oneepisode in July more than 50% of the adult audience incorrectly drew atwo-character word meaning “gossip”, feiwen.问题已经很明显了。政府机构已经通过推出受人欢迎的书写电视节目来协助解决问题,节目邀请中学生展开难字书写竞赛;在7月份的一期节目中,过半成年观众将“绯闻” (英语单词gossip)两字写错了。 /201409/325586静安区肛肠医院

上海治疗支原体医院上海康恩贝肠炎宁治疗医院要多少钱 SHANGHAI — The Walt Disney Company unveiled on Wednesday the designs and attractions at the new megaresort that is expected to open here in Shanghai in the spring, its first theme park in mainland China.上海——华特·迪士尼公司在周三公布了一座新的迪士尼综合乐园的设计和游乐项目。这片度假区将于明年春天在上海开幕,是中国大陆的第一座迪士尼主题乐园。The company said it was completing work on a 1.5-square-mile area that will house the Shanghai Disney Resort, with six themed areas, including one devoted to the hit ;Pirates of the Caribbean; film series, as well as live entertainment venues, a Broadway-style theater, two hotels and the ;tallest, largest and most interactive castle at any Disney theme park.;迪士尼公司表示,即将完成占地1.5平方英里(约合390公顷)的上海迪士尼度假区的建设工作。该乐园包括6大主题园区,其中一个将围绕热门系列电影《加勒比海盗》展开,此外还包括多处现场场所、一家百老汇风格的剧院、两家宾馆,以及;一座全球迪士尼乐园中最高、最大、最具互动性的城堡;。;We are taking everything we#39;ve learned from our six decades of exceeding expectations — along with our relentless innovation and famous creativity — to create a truly magical place that is both authentically Disney and distinctly Chinese,; Robert A. Iger, Disney#39;s chief executive and chairman, said at a news conference here.迪士尼首席执行官兼董事长罗伯特·A·艾格(Robert A. Iger)在上海的新闻发布会上表示,;我们把过去60年来所积累的一切关于如何超越游客期待的秘诀,加以迪士尼永无止境的创新精神和丰富创意,来打造这样一个‘原汁原味迪士尼、别具一格中国风#39;的神奇度假目的地。;Shanghai Disneyland represents an enormous bet on China#39;s shifting approach to westernized entertainment and leisure travel. Mr. Iger has said the company considers the .5 billion resort to be as transformative for the company as the establishment of Walt Disney World in Florida was in the 1970s.上海迪士尼乐园代表的是一次巨大的,押注的是中国向西式和休闲旅游方式的转变。艾格表示,这一斥资55亿美元的乐园对迪士尼公司的变革意义,不亚于70年代在佛罗里达州建成的华特·迪士尼世界。Disney#39;s goal is to create an engine that will drive demand in China for a wide range of Disney products: toys, clothes, furnishings, movie downloads and games. Disney typically relies on the creation of new Disney TV channels to pump its brand abroad, but China#39;s limits on foreign media have made that impossible.迪士尼的目标是要打造一个引擎,推动中国对大量迪士尼产品的需求,包括玩具、饰、室内陈设,电影下载和。在向海外推广品牌的过程中,迪士尼通常依赖的方式是设立新的迪士尼电视频道,不过中国对境外媒体的限制使得这一方式变得不现实。But Disney is walking a careful line. China approved the resort only after Disney promised that it would reflect Chinese culture. To that end, Disney#39;s messaging has been careful, with executives at the company#39;s headquarters in Burbank, Calif., repeatedly referring to the park as ;authentically Disney and distinctly Chinese.;不过,迪士尼小心行事。在公司承诺乐园将会呈现中国文化以后,中国才批准了乐园的建设。为此,迪士尼在讯息的传达上颇为谨慎。来自美国加利福尼亚州伯班克总部的高管们不断强调,这个主题乐园是;原汁原味迪士尼、别具一格中国风;。Disney has tried to keep its specific plans for the Shanghai resort a secret, partly because it wants to control the marketing message and partly because of fears that Chinese parks would churn out copycat attractions. Those worries were stoked earlier this month, when a Chinese animated movie called ;Autobots; was marketed with images that were nearly identical to characters from Disney-Pixar#39;s ;Cars.;此前迪士尼一直对上海迪士尼的具体规划方案守口如瓶,一方面是因为公司希望能够控制营销讯息,另一方面则是由于担心会出现大量山寨的中国公园。本月早些时候发生的事情更是验了迪士尼的担忧,中国推出了一部名为《汽车人总动员》的动画片。该片的多幅宣传图片和迪士尼-皮克斯(Disney-Pixar)的《赛车总动员》(Cars)几乎一模一样。Despite Disney#39;s efforts, however, plans for the park have leaked for months onto fan blogs. Generating particular interest online ahead of Wednesday#39;s announcement was Disney#39;s decision to build a major ;Tron;-themed attraction. ;Tron: Legacy; was released in China in 2010, but it took in only million there. Disney recently decided not to move ahead with a sequel.虽然迪士尼做出了种种努力,但几个月来各种相关方案还是泄露到了粉丝客上。在周三官方正式公布整体方案前,网友们最感兴趣的是;创;主题公园。电影《创:战纪》(Tron: Legacy)于2010年在中国上映,不过只获得了1900万美元的票房。迪士尼最近决定不推进续集的创作。To compare, the last ;Pirates of the Caribbean; movie, subtitled ;On Stranger Tides,; took in million in China in 2011. The strong audience response was one reason Disney felt comfortable in moving ahead with plans for a large ;Pirates;-themed area.相较之下,2011年在中国上映的最新一部;加勒比海盗;系列电影《加勒比海盗:惊涛怪浪》(Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides),获得了7000万美元票房。迪士尼之所以乐于推进一个以;海盗;为主题的大型园区的建设,一个原因就是观众对该片的热烈追捧。Disney knows all too well the downside of skimping on rides and shows. A boutique-size Hong Kong Disneyland, which opened in 2005, struggled with losses for its first six years, in part because attendance was lower than expected; visitors and the local news media criticized the park as not offering enough to do.对于游乐项目和演出节目不足造成的负面影响,迪士尼再清楚不过了。占地极为有限的香港迪士尼乐园于2005年开幕,头六年里一直处于亏损状态,其中部分原因是入园人数低于预期;游客及当地新闻媒体批评那里游乐项目不足。Disney and the Hong Kong city government, which owns 52 percent of that resort, have since poured more than billion into a resort expansion that will stretch into 2017. Last year, Hong Kong Disneyland attracted 7.5 million people — roughly flat compared with 2013 — and generated .8 million in net profit, a year-over-year increase of 36 percent, according to Disney.迪士尼和持有该乐园52%股份的香港政府,已投入逾10亿美元用于乐园扩建。扩建工作将持续到2017年。据迪士尼介绍,去年香港迪士尼乐园吸引了750万人——与2013年大致持平——带来了4280万美元的净利润,同比增加36%。In its announcement Wednesday, Disney said the new resort had more technology and original features than previous parks, including many Chinese features blended into mosaics, gift items, performances and even the huge castle.在周三发布的方案中,迪士尼称,和之前的迪士尼乐园相比,新乐园体现了更多科技和原创元素,许多镶嵌画、礼物、表演甚至大城堡中,都融入了中国特色。Some of Disney#39;s most iconic attractions, including Space Mountain, It#39;s a Small World and Star Tours, a ;Star Wars;-themed journey through space, will not be featured when the park opens.乐园在开业时将不会包括迪士尼部分最具代表性的经典游乐项目,如飞越太空山(Space Mountain)、小小世界(It#39;s a Small World)和以《星球大战》为主题的太空之旅星际遨游(Star Tours)。Perhaps surprisingly, ;Star Wars; and the Marvel superhero movies will be represented upon opening, not by showpiece rides but by costumed character meet and greets, a comic book drawing area and a ;cinematic experience.; When the resort opens, its Broadway-style venue, the Walt Disney Grand Theater, will have a global premiere of Disney#39;s hit show ;The Lion King; in Mandarin.或许有些意外的是,《星球大战》和漫威系列超级英雄影片会在开业时重现,但并非主题游览路线,而是通过身着戏的演员见面会、漫画绘制区和;电影体验;的形式。开业时,百老汇风格的沃尔特·迪士尼大剧院(Walt Disney Grand Theater)将举行迪士尼大受欢迎的节目《狮子王》(The Lion King)普通话版的全球首演。Shanghai Disneyland will most likely rely less on repeat attendance and annual passes than its Hong Kong cousin. Disney estimates that 330 million people live within three hours of the Shanghai property, which is in the Pudong district.相比于香港迪士尼乐园,上海迪士尼乐园极有可能不那么依赖多次入园票和年票。迪士尼估计,三小时以内可到达位于浦东区的上海迪士尼乐园的人有3.3亿。Disney owns about 43 percent of Shanghai Disneyland, with the balance held by Shanghai Shendi, a government-controlled entity; Disney retains operational control, however, holding a 70 percent stake in the management company created with Shendi to run the resort.迪士尼拥有上海迪士尼乐园大约43%的股份,其余股份由政府控制的实体公司上海申迪持有。但迪士尼保留了经营控制权。在为经营乐园而与申迪联合成立的管理公司里,迪士尼持有70%的股份。Early this year, Disney said that it was moving the opening of the park to next spring, a delay from early 2016, and that the company and its Chinese partner would spend an additional 0 million to increase the number of rides on opening day, bringing total spending to .5 billion.今年年初,迪士尼宣布将把开业时间从2016年年初推迟至春天,并称该公司和中方合作伙伴将再追加8亿美元,用于增加开业当天的游乐项目。这使得上海迪士尼的总投资增至55亿美元。 /201507/387704上海中医药大学附属曙光医院东院割痔疮价格

上海九院看直肠炎好不好 Wal-Mart, the world’s biggest retailer, is y to put more money toward ensuring food safety in China.世界最大的零售商沃尔玛(Wal-Mart)准备投入更多资金确保在中国的食品安全。The superstore will increase its spending 300 million yuan (.32 million) over 2013, 2014 and 2015 to ensure it is meeting food standards in the Asian nation. That’s three-times the previously planned 100 million yuan over the same period, Reuters reported.这家超市运营商将其在2013年、2014年和2015年的中国食品安全出增至3亿元人民币(4,832万美元),以确保达到这个中国的食品标准。路透社(Reuters)报道称,这个金额是同期先前计划投入金额1亿元的3倍。Wal-Mart WMT -0.46% also plans to do more DNA testing on meat products and supplier inspections, as well as test more of its Chinese stores using two mobile safety labs.沃尔玛还计划对肉类产品进行更多DNA检测和供应商检查,同时利用旗下的两个移动安全实验室检测更多的中国门店。China’s food and grocery market is expected to expand to .5 trillion by 2016, and Wal-Mart’s food safety reputation has become a concern in this important market after two recent incidents.中国的食品和杂货市场价值预计到2016年将增至1.5 万亿美元。中国是沃尔玛的重要市场,经过最近这两次风波之后,沃尔玛的食品安全声誉已经引起市场关注。Earlier this year, the retailer’s “Five Spice” donkey meat was found to have fox meat, and in 2011, it was fined for selling expired duck meat.今年早些时候,这家零售商出售的“五香驴肉”被发现含有狐狸肉成份;而在2011年,它还曾经因为出售过期鸭肉产品而遭到过处罚。A Wal-Mart spokesperson was not immediately available for comment.沃尔玛的发言人没有立即发表。 /201406/307072上海肛泰肛肠医院在那昆山市康复医院看大便异常好不好

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